Thailand – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: Thailand


        noun: Thai (singular and plural)         adjective: Thai


Area         total: 514,000 sq km         land: 511,770 sq km         water: 2,230 sq km

Population: 65,444,371

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups 

        Thai 75%         Chinese 14%        other 11%

Capital: Bangkok, population 61,231,000

Largest Cities 

        Nackhon Ratchasima – 190,000        Chiang Mai – 175,000        Udon Thani – 110,000        Chakhon Savan – 100,000        Songkla – 85,000

Official Language: Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects


        Buddhist 94.6%         Muslim 4.6%         Christian 0.7%         other 0.1% (2000 census) 

Political system: constitutional monarchy

GDP: purchasing power parity – $524.8 billion

GDP per head: purchasing power parity – $8,100 (2004 est.)

Annual growth: 6.1%

Inflation: 2.8%