Peru – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: Peru

Nationality 

        noun: Peruvian(s)         adjective: Peruvian

Flag:

Area:         total: 1,285,220 sq km         water: 5,220 sq km         land: 1.28 million sq km 

Population: 27,925,628 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups:  

        Amerindian 45%        mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%        white 15%        black        Japanese        Chinese        and other 3%

Capital: Lima  (7 500 000)

Largest Cities: 

        Arequipa  (770 000)        Iquitos (370 000)          Chimbote (340 000)

Official Language:  Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages

Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10% 

Political system:  constitutional republic

GDP: purchasing power parity – $155.3 billion (2004 est.)  

GDP per head: purchasing power parity – $5,600 (2004 est.)

Annual growth: 4.5% (2004 est.) 

GDP – composition by sector:  

        agriculture: 8%         industry: 27%         services: 65% (2003 est.)

Inflation:  3.8% (2004 est.) 

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