Kenya – GENERAL INFORMATION – Geographic Information

Geographic Information The Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa’s second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value


Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

total: 3,477 km

border countries

         Ethiopia – 861 km         Somalia – 682 km         Sudan – 232 km         Tanzania – 769 km         Uganda – 933 km

Coastline: 536 km  

Terrain: low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

        highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m

Climate: varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior


Tourist season: mid-March  to  mid-Octomber

Natural hazards: recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons