Czech Republic – GENERAL INFORMATION – Geographic Information

Geographic Information 


Location: Central Europe, southeast of Germany 

Total borders: 1,881 km

Border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 215 km

Terrain:  Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Elevation extremes        lowest point: Elbe River 115 m          highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Tourist season: April Through October

Peak tourist season: June through September

Waters:  Elbe river, rich in mineral waters

Plants and Animals: Most of the forest vegetation in the Czech Republic is evergreen. The main deciduous trees are oaks, beeches, birches, poplars, and willows. Wildlife includes rabbits, pheasants, deer, and boar. Environmental damage has severely reduced the number of wildlife and damaged many of the nation’s forests.