Cyprus – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: CyprusNationality
        noun: Cypriot(s)         adjective: Cypriot


        total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)         water: 10 sq km         land: 9,240 sq km

Population: 780,133 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups  

        Greek 77%         Turkish 18%        other 5% (2001)

Capital: Nicosia, population 195,000

Largest Cities  

        Limassol – 155,000         Paphos – 40,000

Official Language

        Greek         Turkish        English


        Greek Orthodox 78%        Muslim 18%        Maronite        Armenian Apostolic        and other 4%

Political system: republic

Note: a separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974 that followed a Greek junta-supported coup attempt gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot “President” Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (TRNC), recognized only by Turkey


        Republic of Cyprus: purchasing power parity – $15.71 billion         north Cyprus: purchasing power parity – $4.54 billion (2004 est.) 

GDP per head 

        Republic of Cyprus: purchasing power parity – $20,300 (2004 est.)         north Cyprus: purchasing power parity – $7,135 (2004 est.) 

Annual growth 

        Republic of Cyprus: 3.2%         north Cyprus: 2.6% (2004 est.) 

GDP – composition by sector

        Republic of Cyprus            agriculture 4.1%            industry 19.9%            services 76%         North Cyprus            agriculture 10.6%            industry 20.5%            services 68.9% (2004) 

        Republic of Cyprus: 2.4% (2003 est.)

        North Cyprus: 12.6% (2003 est.)