Syria – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Area
        total: 185,180 sq km         land: 184,050 sq km         water: 1,130 sq km 

Population: 18,448,752


note:
in addition, about 40,000 people live in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights – 20,000 Arabs (18,000 Druze and 2,000 Alawites) and about 20,000 Israeli settlers (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups
        Arab 90.3%

        Kurds        Armenians        and other 9.7%

Capital: Damascus – 18,448,752

Largest Cities

        Aleppo (Haleb)        Homs        Latakia        Hamah        Raka        Deir az Zawr 

Official Language
        Arabic (official)

        Kurdish        Armenian        Aramaic        Circassian widely understood        French        English somewhat understood

Religion
       
Sunni Muslim 74%

        Alawite        Druze and other Muslim sects 16%        Christian (various sects) 10%        Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus        Al Qamishli        and Aleppo

Political system: republic

GDP: purchasing power parity – $60.44 billion (2004 est.)   purchasing power parity – $billion


GDP per head:
purchasing power parity – $3,400 (2004 est.)

Annual growth: purchasing power parity – $60.44 billion (2004 est.)   

GDP – composition by sector
        agriculture: 25%

        industry: 31%         services: 44% (2003 est.)

Inflation: 2.1% (2004 est.)

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