Vietnam – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Full name: Vietnam

Nationality

        noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)        adjective: Vietnamese

Flag:

Area        total: 329,560 sq km        land: 325,360 sq km         water: 4,200 sq km

Population: 83,535,576 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups 

        Vietnamese 85%-90%        Chinese        Hmong        Thai        Khmer        Cham        mountain groups 

Capital: Hanoi, population 1,075,000

Largest Cities
        Haiphong – 785,000

        Da Nang – 385,000        Nha Trang – 225,000

Official Language

        Vietnamese (official)        English (increasingly favored as a second language)        French        Chinese        Khmer        mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian) 

Religion

        Buddhist        Hoa Hao        Cao Dai        Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic, some Protestant)        indigenous beliefs        Muslim

Political system: Communist state

GDP: purchasing power parity – $227.2 billion (2004 est.) 

GDP per head: purchasing power parity – $2,700 (2004 est.) 

Annual growth: 7.7% (2004 est.) 

GDP – composition by sector

        agriculture: 21.8%        industry: 40.1%        services: 38.1% (2004 est.)

Inflation: 9.5% (2004 est.) 

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