Turkey – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: Turkey

Nationality 

        noun: Turk(s)         adjective: Turkish

Flag:

Area        total: 780,580 sq km         water: 9,820 sq km         land: 770,760 sq km

Population: 69,660,559 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)

Capital: Ankara (2 780 000)

Largest Cities: Istanbul  (7 620 000)  Izmir  (1 990 000)  Adana (1 050 000)  Bursa  (990 000)

Official Language: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek  

Religion: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Political system: republican parliamentary democracy 

GDP: purchasing power parity – $508.7 billion 

GDP per head: purchasing power parity – $7,400 (2004 est.)

Annual growth: 8.2% (2004 est.)

GDP – composition by sector 

        agriculture: 11.7%         industry: 29.8%         services: 58.5% (2003 est.)

Inflation: 9.3% (2004 est.)

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