South Africa – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: South Africa 


        noun: South African(s)         adjective: South African


total: 1,219,912 sq km         land: 1,219,912 sq km         note: includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)         water: 0 sq km

Population: 44,344,136

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups: black 75.2%, white 13.6%, Colored 8.6%, Indian 2.6%

Capital: Pretoria, population 530,000

Largest Cities

        Durban – 720,000          Soweto – 600,000        Bloemfontein – 130,000

Official Language: 11 official languages, including Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu

Religion: Christian 68% (includes most whites and Coloreds, about 60% of blacks and about 40% of Indians), Muslim 2%, Hindu 1.5% (60% of Indians), indigenous beliefs and animist 28.5%

Political system: republic

GDP: purchasing power parity – $491.4 billion (2004 est.)

GDP per head: purchasing power parity – $11,100 (2004 est.)

Annual growth: 3.5% (2004 est.)

GDP – composition by sector
      agriculture: 3.6%

        industry: 31.2%         services: 65.2% (2004 est.) 

Inflation: 4.5% (2004 est.)