Papua New Guinea – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name:  Papua New Guinea

Nationality 

        Noun: Papua New Guinean(s)         Adjective: Papua New Guinean

Flag:

 Area          total: 462,840 sq km         land: 452,860 sq km         water: 9,980 sq km

Population: 5,545,268 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups 

        Melanesian        Papuan        Negrito        Micronesian

        Polynesian

Capital: Port Moresby, population 250,000

Largest Cities 

        Lae  – 90,000          Madang – 30,000

Official Language: Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region

Note: 715 indigenous languages – many unrelated 

Religion
       
Roman Catholic 22%

        Lutheran 16%        Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%        Anglican 5%        Evangelical Alliance 4%        Seventh-Day Adventist 1%        other Protestant 10%

        indigenous beliefs 34% 

 
Political system: constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy 

GDP: purchasing power parity – $11.99 billion (2004 est.)  


GPD  per  head:
 purchasing power parity – $2,200 (2004 est.)

Annual growth:
0.9% (2004 est.) 

GDP – composition by sector 

        agriculture: 34.5%         industry: 34.7%         services: 30.8% (2004 est.)         

Inflation: 4.2% (2004 est.) 

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