Nigeria – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: Nigeria

        noun: Nigerian(s)

        adjective: Nigerian


total: 923,768 sq km        water: 13,000 sq km         land: 910,768 sq km

Population: 128,771,988

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups
Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential:

        Hausa and Fulani 29%        Yoruba 21%        Igbo (Ibo) 18%        Ijaw 10%        Kanuri 4%        Ibibio 3.5%        Tiv 2.5%

Capital: Abuja

note – on 12 December 1991 the capital was officially transferred from Lagos to Abuja; most federal government offices have now moved to Abuja, population – 300,000

Largest Cities
Lagos – 5,600,000

      Ibadan – 1,270,000      Kano – 600,000      Zaria -340,000

Official Language
English (official)

      Hausa      Yoruba      Igbo (Ibo)      Fulani  

Muslim 50%

       Christian 40%       indigenous beliefs 10%

Political system: federal republic 

GDP: purchasing power parity – $125.7 billion (2004 est.)  

GDP per head: purchasing power parity – $1,000 (2004 est.) 

Annual growth: 6.2% (2004 est.)

GDP – composition by sector
agriculture: 36.3%

       industry: 30.5%        services: 33.3% (2004 est.)

Inflation: 16.5% (2004 est.)