China – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: China

Nationality 

        noun: Chinese (singular and plural)

        adjective: Chinese

Flag:

  
Area          total: 9,596,960 sq km        land: 9,326,410 sq km        water: 9,326,410 sq km

Population: 1,306,313,812 (July 2005 est.)  

Ethnic groups: Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1 

Capital: Beijing, population – 10,780,000

Largest Cities
       
Chongqing – 15,340,000

        Shanghai – 13,020,000        Chengdu – 9,790,000

Official Language: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry) 

Religion: Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Muslim 1%-2%, Christian 3%-4%

note: officially atheist (2002 est.)  

Political system: Communist state

GDP: purchasing power parity – $7.262 trillion (2004 est.)  


GDP per head:
purchasing power parity – $5,600 (2004 est.)  

Annual growth: 9.1% (official data) (2004 est.  

GDP – composition by sector  

        agriculture: 13.8%        industry: 52.9%        services: 33.3% (2004 est.)

Inflation: 4.1% (2004 est.)%

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