Botswana – GENERAL INFORMATION – Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures

Full name: Botswana   

        noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)         adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)


Area        total: 600,370 sq km         water: 15,000 sq km         land: 585,370 sq km  

Population: 1,640,115

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)  

Ethnic groups: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

Gaborone (215 000)

Largest Cities
         Mochudi           Serove 

Official Language: English (official), Setswana 

indigenous beliefs 85%, Christian 15% 

Political system: parliamentary republic

GDP: purchasing power parity – $15.05 billion (2004 est.) 

GDP per head: purchasing power parity – $9,200 (2004 est.) 

Annual growth: 3.5% (2004 est.)  

GDP – composition by sector

        agriculture: 4%         industry: 44% (including 36% mining)         services: 52% (2003 est.)  

Inflation: 7% (2004 est.)